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Common Work and Living Conditions:


Is not free to leave or come and go as he/she wishes​


Is in the commercial sex industry and has a pimp / manager​


Is unpaid, paid very little, or paid only through tips


Works excessively long and/or unusual hours


Is not allowed breaks or suffers under unusual restrictions at work​


Owes a large debt and is unable to pay it off


Was recruited through false promises concerning the nature and conditions of his/her work


High security measures exist in the work and/or living locations (e.g. opaque windows, boarded up windows, bars on windows, barbed wire, security cameras, etc.)

Prevention is a systematic process that promotes healthy environments and behaviors and reduces the likelihood or frequency of an injury or traumatization. Primary prevention efforts are those that aim to stop the harm from happening in the first place. Prevention requires comprehensive efforts for reducing and ending sexual abuse, exploitation, and trafficking.

Primary prevention efforts increase investment in and focus on strategies to end sexual exploitation and the demand for it. In contrast to victim services, criminal justice expansion and response after harm is done, effective prevention efforts focus on actions to significantly:

  • Reduce the likelihood that males will buy or sell women or children.

  • Reduce the likelihood that women and children will be vulnerable to such commodification and exploitation.

  • And reduce the ways that businesses are profiting from trafficking and exploitation.

Our Mom's against trafficking & Dad's against trafficking programs seek to prevent trafficking in all forms 




Human sex trafficking is driven by the demand for commercial sex.


This demand is comprised of both 

a) men who buy women and girls for sex, and 

b) a culture that tolerates or promotes sexual exploitation.


The demand for commercial sex is strongly related to male privilege and sexual entitlement and is part of a continuum of sexual exploitation and discrimination against women and girls. Strip clubs, violent pornography, exploitative massage parlors, and other venues and/or forms of sexual exploitation drive the demand for commercial sex and contribute the normalization of degradation and violence against women and girls. As a society, we have allowed and perpetuated pervasive messaging and images that portray women and girls as sexual objects and dehumanized commodities purposed for male consumption. Our children are bombarded with this toxic message every day through media, music, movies, video games and pop culture that reinforce this message and normalize the hypersexualization of America’s youth.

In order to effectively address sex trafficking in Minnesota, we must consider tougher penalties for the traffickers and the perpetrators, or buyers of commercial sex, who are driving the demand. We must also study the effect that commercial sex has on communities and the local economy to determine which businesses are profiting from it, including the marketing vehicles used by traffickers. Communities, by way of tolerating this activity, actually contribute to continued exploitation. When working on these issues, it is important to remember that these social norms/perceptions and beliefs about women and sex are something we create, and are, therefore, something that we can change.


Addressing The Demand

Our Dad's Against Trafficking program works hard to address the demand in conjunction with the HEMAD program

Find out more and Take Action 

Recognising the Signs

Are you or someone you know being trafficked? 
Is human trafficking happening in your community?
Is the situation you may have encountered human trafficking?


The following is a list of potential red flags and indicators of human trafficking to help you recognize the signs. 

The presence of these red flags is an indication that further assessment may be necessary to identify a potential human trafficking situation. This list is not exhaustive and represents only a selection of possible indicators. Also, the red flags in this list may not be present in all trafficking cases and are not cumulative. Indicators reference conditions a potential victim might exhibit.

Poor Mental Health or Abnormal Behavior:
  • Is fearful, anxious, depressed, submissive, tense, or nervous/paranoid

  • Exhibits unusually fearful or anxious behavior after bringing up law enforcement

  • Avoids eye contact

Poor Physical Health:
  • Lacks medical care and/or is denied medical services by employer

  • Appears malnourished or shows signs of repeated exposure to harmful chemicals

  • Shows signs of physical and/or sexual abuse, physical restraint, confinement, or torture

Lack of Control:
  • Has few or no personal possessions

  • Is not in control of his/her own money, no financial records, or bank account

  • Is not in control of his/her own identification documents (ID or passport)

  • Is not allowed or able to speak for themselves (a third party may insist on being present and/or translating)

  • Claims of just visiting and inability to clarify where he/she is staying/address

  • Lack of knowledge of whereabouts and/or of what city he/she is in

  • Loss of sense of time

  • Has numerous inconsistencies in his/her story


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